In previous segments [see links below], we have seen what Messiah told us about Passover. We have also mentioned certain issues that tend to confuse Passover with the Feast of Unleavened, such as the popular tradition in Yahushua's day, of calling the Feast of Unleavened by the name of Passover (Luke 22:1).

In this segment, we will see some details of Passover revealed in Torah, as we compare certain features of Passover, to those of the Feast of Unleavened.

By observing the many differences between these two Feasts, we see a vivid contrast coming into view. From this contrast we can gain a new perspective on how Torah reveals—and confirms—the prescribed, exact timing for the Biblical Passover meal.

By observing the differences between these two Feasts, we can more easily see the separate and unique Torah requirements for each Feast, as well as the prophetic meaning and purpose of each.

It is only when we see these differences in the Scriptures, that we are better able to verify, and confirm, the words and examples of Yahushua Messiah, as He instructs us into the proper timing of the Feasts.

Brothers and Sisters, it is important that we see, and understand, the differences between these two Feasts. Throughout the Scriptures, we are warned not to mix some things with others. Because of the prophetic nature of those things that are not to be mixed, we should be careful not to mix or blend aspects of one Feast, with aspects of another.

We must cease mixing elements of Passover with elements of the Feast of Unleavened. It is only when we see the differences in the Feast requirements in the Scriptures, that we are better able to keep them separate.

In this writing we will first note some basic Scripture truths of Passover and the Feast of Unleavened, in order to understand the great importance of the Believers' participation in Yahuweh's Feasts.

We will then look at the differences between certain aspects of these Feasts, with Scripture references. We will then see from these Feast comparisons that Passover and the Feast of Unleavened are two separate Feasts, and that each feast has separate and unique requirements as to timing, location, and certain other details unique to each Feast.

Finally, we will show some of the prophetic pictures of some detailed aspects of each Feast, as newly-discovered 'puzzle-pieces' helping us to see the 'bigger picture' of the prophetic meaning of the Feasts. We will hold commentary to a minimum, so as not to detract from the great importance of these differences.

What Are Yahuweh's Feasts?

As Born-Again Believers, it is of utmost importance that we understand what Yahuweh's Feasts are, and how they fit into Yahuweh's plan for the Believers. When we first put our faith in Messiah and repent of our sins, He gives us forgiveness, and makes us to become 'Born-Again' as one of His covenant children.

At the moment Messiah becomes 'birthed' within us, we become participants of His Everlasting Covenant (Hebrews 13:20), and we are made to be a part of His people called 'Israel.' At that moment, we begin our training as sons — and we are now expected to learn Father's ways, and begin to live according to His instructions, His 'House Rules' for His family. This includes our participation in His Feasts, also known as His Festivals.

Each of Yahuweh's Feasts [moedim or 'appointed times'] are days in which Yahuweh has set aside to meet with His people. Our participation in His Feasts, both in a prophetic sense and in a practical sense, can be seen as vital 'stepping-stones' for His people to take, as a journey into His presence. This example of a journey is one sense in which the prophetic Passover Sacrifice, Yahushua Messiah Himself, can be seen as the 'door' or entrance into that journey.

The great importance of our active participation in Father's Feast-days has not been fully realised by most Believers today. The Festivals of Yahuweh reveal Yahuweh's overall plan for the restoration of mankind, and they reveal Father's plan of redemption and salvation for His people.

As we begin to participate in Father's Feast-days, He then begins to open-up our understanding of 'things to come' regarding the Body of Messiah. We might describe Passover as the 'prophetic entrance' to the journey Father's Covenant people are to take, as they travel along the stepping-stones of participation in His Feast-days.

Since Passover and the Feast of Unleavened are among the first 'stepping-stones' of our journey along the Feasts, we will first look to see where each fits into the overall Festival Schedule, seen in Leviticus 23:1-44. From this we will notice a few basic truths about these Feast days:
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts. (Leviticus 23:2)
In the above passage, we first notice that these are Yahuweh's Feasts. Scripture does not present these as Jewish Feasts, for the term 'Jewish' denotes only the tribe of Judah, or Yahudah. Instead, these Feasts are for Yahuweh, and for all of His people, to whom He has given the nickname Israel! And as the apostle Paul explains (Romans 11:13-25), this includes all Believers — as both natural branches and wild branches, grafted-in to the commonwealth [citizenship] of Israel — because of their faith in Messiah Yahushua.

Let's recall what these Feasts are:
These are the feasts ['moed'] of the LORD, even holy convocations ['miqra' or assembly], which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. 5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. (Leviticus 23:4-6)
In the above passage, we see that Passover and Unleavened are both moedim or 'appointed times' of Yahuweh, and they are both miqra or 'convocations,' commanded times of assembly for His people. These are times in which Yahuweh's covenant people are to gather together to have fellowship with Him, and participate with Him in His Covenant blessings. These are times of keeping Father's memorial Feasts, of hearing His words, and of rejoicing together.

From this Scripture passage as our introduction, we will now look at some similarities in the two Feasts, and then some differences between them. We will begin with the similarities:

Passover and Feast of Unleavened: Similarities

With these similarities in mind, let us now look at some of the differences between them.

Passover and Feast of Unleavened: Differences

Different Days Specified Prophetic Picture
Here we will show that the Feast requirements stated in Torah reveal many prophetic pictures of New Covenant truths. Our understanding of these truths, as expounded by Yahushua and His apostles in the New Testament writings, is greatly enhanced by seeing these prophetic truths revealed in Torah.
Let's now look at the difference in sacrificial animals specified.

Different Sacrificial Animals Specified
Prophetic Picture
This distinction in types of sacrificial animals will help us to further identify and discern which Feast is being referred to in various Scripture passages.

Let's now look at the difference in timing required for certain activities in the two Feasts.

Different Timing Required: Killing, Cooking, and Eating

Timing for Killing:
Timing for Cooking
Timing for Eating
Let's now look at the difference in required locations for certain activities of the two Feasts.

Different Locations Required: Killing, Cooking, and Eating

Location for Killing
Location for Cooking
Manner of Cooking:
Location for Eating
Perhaps the most telling contrast between the two Feasts, can be seen in the different requirements of sprinkling of the Blood.

Different Sprinkling of Blood Required
Prophetic Picture
Let's now see who may participate in the two Feasts.

Different Participants Allowed — Who May Observe
The contrast between these two Feasts can be seen in the prophetic picture.

Prophetic Picture

Now we will notice the difference in memorials, and observe the different prophetic meanings of the two Feasts.

Different Memorials, Prophetic Meanings
Prophetic Picture

Conclusion

We have seen the differences between the Feast of Passover, and the Feast of Unleavened. From these differences we have seen a great contrast, which allows us to accurately identify the various activities that occurred on the day of Messiah's crucifixion, the day of Passover.

We see by these contrasts, that the Torah requirements, through its restrictions and allowances, does indeed confirm that Messiah's last meal was the Passover meal. Again we confirm our earlier finding, that Yahushua did NOT break the Torah!

Yahushua did not lie, when He told His Disciples He would eat the Passover with them. Instead, He kept Torah by eating the Passover Feast at the beginning of the 14th. If Yahushua had disobeyed Torah in any way, He could not have been the sinless Passover Lamb.

Through studying these contrasts, we can now see another stark realisation. From many Scripture passages, we know that Yahushua's death by crucifixion at the ninth hour (Mark 15:34) in Jerusalem was indeed the Passover sacrifice (John 1:29; John 1:36; 1Cor 5:7).

We have also seen above, that the Torah requirement for the timing of the Passover Sacrifice was from the start of the 14th day at sunset, to the end of the 14th day at sunset. The Passover Sacrifice is not to be eaten on the 15th, but only on the 14th, after sunset.

Since we know that Yahushua's crucifixion was indeed the Passover sacrifice; and we saw that the one-time allowance for the timing of the Passover sacrifice extended all the way to sunset at the end of the 14th day — we now begin to realise that the timing of the Passover Sacrifice overlapped [and coincided with] the timing for the killing and preparation of the Feast of Unleavened sacrifices.

As we ponder this one-time 'overlap' in timing, we can not help but make this realisation: the public killing of the lambs [on the very day and hour of Yahushua's Passover crucifixion], as we read of in various historical accounts, was for the prescribed sacrifices of the Feast of Unleavened!

For centuries we have thought that this was the public slaughter of Passover lambs; and from this error, we have allowed Tradition to rob us of the True timing of Passover!

This error also contains within it a Prophetic picture. Today, Rabbinic Tradition continues to reject Yahushua Messiah as the true Passover Lamb. As a result, they do not keep Passover, but only the Feast of Unleavened. The prophetic picture here is the picture of a people attempting to live an unleavened life without the prerequisite True Passover Sacrifice — the embodiment of a works-based religion.

And so many Messianic Believers today, while following Rabbinic tradition, actually ignore Messiah's words concerning His keeping Passover with His Disciples. As a result, multitudes do not eat the bread nor drink the cup of the true Passover on the 14th day, choosing instead a man-made substitute born of tradition, mixed-in with the Feast of Unleavened.

As a result of ignoring Yahushua's words regarding Passover, many today, Believers and non-Believers alike, continue to be blinded as to the timing of the True Passover. These do not observe the Passover on the 14th, but continue to observe the Feast of Unleavened on the 15th, which according to tradition, '...is called Passover.'

It is thus imperative that those wishing to honour Messiah in keeping the True Passover Feast, in accordance with the Scriptural timing, should re-examine each bit of evidence, in order to remove any foundations based on Tradition.

From the many differences Torah reveals regarding these two Feasts, we must conclude that the true Passover meal was not on the night marking the start of the 15th, but on the night of the 14th, at the beginning of the 14th day, when Messiah met with His disciples.

Yahuweh is now restoring all things — Yet the question remains:

Which Day will you choose:
The Day based on Truth — or The Day based on Tradition?



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"If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief,
and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee." (Rev 3:3)